How Many Puppies Can A German Shepherd Have?

If you have a female Shepherd Dog and you are determined to get her pregnant or your dog is already pregnant, one of the most common questions, especially in the first pregnancy is always the number of puppies she will deliver. It is very important to prepare her environment and help your dog whenever possible. In this article, we will take a look at how many puppies a German Shepherd can deliver in a litter.

Generally, the average German Shepherds dog litter is approximately 8 puppies. Many large females can give birth to up to fifteen puppies, whereas smaller and less healthy Shepherd Dogs may have less than 8 puppies.

More Influences For Litter Size

The health of a pregnant female will have an effect on the number of puppies. Having mentioned this, the following are other things that will also determine the number of German Shepherd puppies.

1. The Age Of The Female:

The age of the female dog when breeding plays an important role in the size of a litter. The older the dam is the smaller the litter, especially the larger breed. Dams from 2-5 years usually have large litters.

2. The Age Of The Male:

The male dog age also plays a part in litter size. After 5 years, the quantity and quality of the sperm begin to reduce. In 1 to 5 years, there is a greater chance of sperm integration with the egg.

3. The number of pregnancies:

The first two litters will usually be smaller than the subsequent ones. Third and the fourth pregnancy are generally the biggest.

4. Nutrition:

This plays a very important role when determining the number of puppies in a litter. A good protein-rich diet should be given to your dog throughout the year to maximize the chance for bigger litter. Dams with less healthy foods, including overweight, give birth to smaller litters.

5. Perfect Timing:

A female dog has just two fertile dates. And breeding them at this period will lead to greater litter numbers instead of a few days earlier. Dog sperm can stay alive inside a female for two days, so if they are bred two days ahead of the fertile date, the dam may still get pregnant, but it is only a few sperms will live on to fertilize the eggs. This will reduce the number of the litter.

In addition, German Shepherds with pedigrees tend to have fewer puppies than those of pure breed or care. Keep in mind that dog owners or breeders can choose their breed, bred them at the optimum time and feed them with nutritious meals although the year. However, they cannot determine the size of the litter – that is up to Mother Nature.

Title Image: the whole pack by gomagoti is licensed under CC BY 2.0

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